what is depression

Depression refers to the sadness of emotions in the field of psychology. You must have often seen that many people have met you saying that they are feeling sad or feeling low.

This can be known as Depression. This is, you can say, the start of thinking negative. And the word negativity is the main cause of depression.

What is depression-

What is the real meaning of depression? It is known as disease or syndrome. In a simple language, it is the only emotions with a lot of sadness and negativity.

It is a normal reaction when we loose something in life’s struggle. But it is normal in the starting .

But if it is full of sadness and with a feeling of helplessness, hopelessness, worthlessness and lasts for days to week and for week to month it will be harmful.

If something is going wrong in your mind all the time, you are feeling unsuccessful all the time, then you would be moving towards depression.

If we talk in medical terms, then thyroid is also a cause of it or the reaction of some medicine can also put you into depression.

Meaning if you have low thyroid activity in your body, you can still experience depression.

We can say it is a mood disaster that includes a continuous feeling of sadness and loss of interest.

We can experience the fluctuation of mood in our daily life,but that is not depression. It is different from mood fluctuation.

Some people describe depression as living in black hole .

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Signs or symptoms-

How do I know if I have depression? There are lots of symptoms. If you are feeling any 5 or more among them from a long time, you may feel depressed.

  • Loss of sex feeling
  • Changes in food habits
  • Weight loss or gain unintentionally
  • A depressed mood especially in the morning.
  • Feeling tired during all the day.
  • You feel worthless.
  • You can’t sleep
  • Or you feel sleepy full day.
  • You have no interest in any activity .
  • Feeling irritable
  • Overeating.
  • Having headaches, cramps or digestive problems.
  • Empty feeling.
  • Facing difficulty in making decisions.
  • Continuously thinking about death or suicide.

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Depression in Females-

CDC ( Center for disease control and prevention) says that a woman suffers twice from this disease than a man.

Some symptoms of depression, that are found more in females-

  • Mood fluctuation
  • Feeling tired
  • Irritability
  • Negative thinking

These two types of depressions are unique to females-

1) Postpartum depression

2) Premenstrual dysphoric disorder

It is very dangerous to live in depression for females. They should take care to get rid off this problem.

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Depression in Males-

The reasons of this disease in males can be excess intake of alcohol,work pressure, anger and risk taking.

The causes may include-

  • If you are not social
  • If you are far away from you family.
  • Working without break.
  • Over thinking
  • Being hyper anytime.

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In teenagers-

Pressure is the main reason of depression in the teens. Physical changes can also be the reason.

Some symptoms can be –

  • Not interested in school works.
  • Loosing concentration.
  • No friend or less friends in the list .
  • Passing more of the time in the room.
  • Feeling restless.
  • A feel of low or bad
  • Feeling guilty every time.
  • Feeling worthless.
  • Don’t want to sit for a long period.

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In college students-

The college life style is different, and a person who is dealing with changed life style and experience,can feel nervousness.

This nervousness can take a big face of depression after a long time .

The symptoms in students can be –

  • Insomnia
  • Or sleeping too much
  • Feeling tired
  • Loosing concentration
  • Week memory
  • Appetite changes- may be in increasing or decreasing way.
  • Avoiding social activities

Physical Symptoms —

Every person who is feeling depressed, has some physical signs.They may include–

  • Insomnia
  • Joint pain
  • Cramps
  • Back pain
  • Appetite changes
  • Heavy sleeping
  • Slow movement
  • Slow Speech

Actually 2 chemicals of brain, play major role here- Serotonin and Norepinephrine.

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How to diagnose–


There is nothing like depression test that doctors can do. In the diagnosis, doctors can ask you –

  • How severe your symptoms are.
  • When they started.
  • From how much time you are suffering.
  • Is it genetic .
  • Any history of drug.
  • Alcohol intake

They can also ask you that if you have treated before for any symptom of this disease.

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Signs of suicide in depression–

Due to it, the risk of suicide is high. And the negative thinking with a thought of suicide is very serious.

  • Taking deadly risks like rush driving.
  • Always talking about death.
  • Loss of interest
  • Deep sadness
  • A very sudden mood fluctuation.
  • Feeling helpless and worthless.

Clinical depression-

If you are feeling sad almost full day and slowly slowly it is affecting your life style, decisions it is clinical depression .

In this condition you can be treated with medication, therepies etc. It can be cured easily.

It can also be cured sometimes by changing your life style.

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Types of depression-

treatment for depression

If you are feeling low or feeling sad, it is common once in a while. But if it is often, it is serious.

1) Major depression-

In this, a person is in a state of constant sadness most of the days of the week.

The symptoms are-

  • Thoughts of suicide.
  • Weight gain or weight loss
  • Sleep disorder
  • Feeling restless
  • Feeling tired
  • Guilt feel
  • Loss of concentration

If you are suffering from 5 or more symptoms from a long time, doctors will take it seriously.

If you are feeling that you have these symptoms, you can talk to mental health specialist

He can help you finding the ways to manage your depression.

2)Persistent Depressive Disorder-

A depression state from more than 2 years or more, can be called as Persistent Depressive Disorders.

You may have symptoms like —

  • Low confidence
  • Sleepy or non sleepy
  • Feeling hopeless
  • Loosing concentration
  • Less energy

3) Bipolar disorder–

bipolar depression

It is a very confusing state of depression. In this a person may have symptoms arround half of the times.


  • Abnormal mood change occurs in bipolar disorder.
  • It can be managed with medication.
  • It is of 2 types- bipolar I and bipolar II.

4)Psychotic depression–

This includes psychosis with depression.People suffering from this,have symptoms of major depression along with psychotic symptoms.

Symptoms like false thinking, hallucinations, a fear that everybody will harm him.

5) Postpartum depression–

In women, when harmones level remanaged after child birth, a sudden mood fluctuation may occure.

Postpartum depression is more severe.

It can persist for months or years.

6) Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder–

Women suffering from this type of disorder, have symptoms at the start of their periods.

They may also have –

  • Anxiety
  • Trouble focusing
  • Irritation
  • Appetite change
  • Fatigue
  • Mood fluctuation

7) Situational depression–

When your life management is stressful, then you are in trouble to control mood swing. It will depress you in your life.

Like any death in your family or medical casuality or anything else.Doctors call it as ” Stress response syndrome”.

8) Atypical depression–

Symptoms of this includes–

  • Excess sleeping.
  • Increased Appetite
  • Heaviness in arms and legs.

It is genetic ??

A lot of researches has shown that it is genetic, but it is not necessarily genetic in all the cases.

But at least 2 to 3 times more people than normal people are troubled by genetic depression.

But many people who are depressed do not have any old family history of this disease.

It is a disability ?

It is believed that depression is the main reason for the disability of any person.

If a person is unable to focus on his / her work due to this disease, then it is considered as disability.

What to do in depression-

If you want to deal depression in a good way, you have to start by visiting to a doctor.

The doctor can diagnose the symptoms, cause and the level of that.

There is a test named PHQ 9 , where doctors ask 9 questions about this disease feeling in you .

Depression at start can be treated with the simple life style changes. The changes can be like appetite change, sleep style change or changes in the time duration away from social media.

A changed daily routine can also help us to reduce depression. Actually a boring daily routine is also a cause of mood swing.

Make a list of new things that you can add in your routine to make it colourful.

Changes in life style to help–

People who can change their hobbies and habits, can change their level of depression.

Daily recommendations-

  • Talk to someone
  • Do something for anyone.
  • Habit to eat fresh meal
  • 15 min meditation
  • Getting fresh air
  • Less use of mobile , tv or computer

Depression is same for everyone ?

No. It is different for different people. The symptoms may differ.

Men feel tired, irritable, full of anger, short tempered sometimes in depression. They may feel lack of interest in any activities. Some men experience sleep disorder too.

Women after child birth, face some hormonal disorder.Then they feel depressed. Women have depression more often than men.They have symptoms of sadness, hopelessness and guilt.

Young children may feel nervousness. They refuse to go to school and feel fear in crowd. They don’t want to talk with anyone. Loss of concentration in their work.

Older children and teenagers feel some symptoms like irritation, eating disorder, sleep disorder. They may think about what will happen if their parents died.

Older adults may have less symptoms of depression. They very less feel the sadness or feel low .

How to prevent myself from depression–


If you are taking antidepressant, it will take a month to control depression. With that some daily tricks can affect depression-

Exercise daily for half an hour.

Reduce workload. Don’t go for a risky job. Break it into small jobs and complete it one by one .

Spend time with loved ones.

Talk to your favourite friends.

Go for comedy TV shows.

Don’t take any big decision when you are not feeling better.

Reduce alcohol intake in a day.

How to prevent my loved one–

If you are sure that your loved one is feeling low or depressed from a log time , the first step you should take is to visit to a mental health counselor with him or her.

You can also-

  • Help him or her to stay calm.
  • Offer patience and support.
  • Help him or her in treatments.
  • Walk with him or her
  • Talk to him or her with different favourite interests.
  • Invite him for other activities like playing games, or comedy shows etc.

Risk factors for depression–

Any one can get affected with depression. Small things or incidents which are not very important can also shoot up depression in many.

Many factors play a role in depression-


It is genetic. In a family, if one brother is suffering from depression it is 70 percent sure that the second brother will also suffer from it.

But it is not confirmed that if any of your relative suffers from depression,you will suffer too. Your life style , eating habits can change the trends.


If a person is in fear or in low self esteem , this can be a cause of depression as he can not handle the burden .


Brain has many chemicals to ensure the body functioning well. Some times differences in chemicals in brain can cause depression.

Environmental effect-

If anyone is suffering for negligence, abuse, lack of money, then more probably he will suffer from depression after a time .

Chronic illness or pain–

Unmanaged pain like heart disease, cancer,cramps can cause of depression.

Relationship problems–

A troubled, unhappy or bad relationship can increase your risk for depression.

Alcohol or drugs intake —

If you are taking much more alcohol or any drug to get rid off depression, it may be serious. It can increase your depression level upto an edge.

Agitated depression-

Agitated depression is a combination of fear and depression. It is not a medical term.

It can occur with bipolar disorder and with major depression.It is a common feature of hypomania.

You can take help of an experienced counselor, who can find out the symptoms and can identify the thoughts at the start of agitation.

The agitation is different in different people . So there is no any specific way to relieve this. Medication and counselling can help you simultaneously.


  • Sleeping disorder
  • Lack of interest in activities.
  • Weight loss or weight gain.
  • Lack of energy whole day.
  • Restlessness
  • Feelings of worthlessness.
  • Thoughts of self harm or suicide
  • Impulsive
  • Anger
  • Irritability
  • Excess talking


This is not any medical term. It is only a mental health issue or symptom of depression.

causes of agitation can be –

  • More alcohol intake
  • New environment to live
  • Less social activity
  • Hesitation to talk
  • Guilt conscious
  • nervousness
  • Short tempered


When you feel that it is a start of agitation, you should follow these tips–

  • Walk at least half an hour.
  • When you feel hyper, talk to your loved once so that you can control it.
  • Go for some comedy shows on TV.
  • Play any game of your interest
  • Read any book .

Stress control–

Stress plays a very important role in agitation. So you have to control stress first. Follow these tips-

  • Walk
  • Play music
  • Meditation for 15 minutes
  • Deep breathing
  • Healthy diet
  • Spend some time in open air
  • Gardening
  • Book reading
  • Comedy shows on TV

1 Comment

Be motivated · June 18, 2020 at 10:41 pm

Very much needed thing.

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